中国人怎么表达情感, 从古代的诗里面我们也能够有所了解。“飞流直下三千尺, 疑是银河落九天。”瀑布飞下来有三千尺, 这是夸张。就像天上的银河落到人间, 这就更夸张。其作者李白是中国古代最著名的诗人。
第二个人是杜甫, “会当凌绝顶, 一览众山小。”杜甫比李白小11岁。这首诗的意思是, 登到泰山顶看其他山特别小。
第三个人是诗人白居易, “野火烧不尽, 春风吹又生。”草原上起火把草烧没了, 春天到了又长起来。他16岁写这首诗, 至今已过了一千多年, 中国人广为传诵。
“城阙辅三秦, 风烟望五津;与君离别意, 同是宦游人。海内存知己, 天涯若比邻。无为在歧路, 儿女共沾巾。”这是一首比较完整的诗, 王勃虽然只活了24岁, 但也是中国古代诗人里边数一数二的大诗人。这首诗在中国古代叫做送别诗, 描述“我在长安, 你要去成都, 我和你心思相通, 彼此是好朋友, 我们两个都是读书人, 有共同的命运。”就像大家一样都是孔子学院的, 虽然各自身处非洲、北美洲或南美洲, 但是就好像我们同坐在一张沙发上, 心意相连。
“行到水穷处, 坐看云起时。偶然值林叟, 谈笑无还期。”王维擅长写田园诗, 山里边有水, 跟着水走, 走了一会儿水没了, 水没了就坐下来看, 看云一点一点地升起, 非常安静和自我享受。回家的路上, 碰到一个老头, 聊着聊着忘记了回家的时间, 非常随性的生活。王维在中国古代诗歌史上是一个非常典型的很高级的文人形象。
苏轼是宋代最伟大的诗人, 是大散文家, 也是杰出的政治家, 还是画家、书法家、美食家。我们现在有一道很著名的菜叫东坡肉, 就是他发明的。《定风波》是他著名的一首词, 这首词告诉大家, 人生总是要下雨的, 也总有天晴的时候, 无论下雨还是天晴, 都不要有特别剧烈的反应, 下雨的时候不要难过, 天晴有太阳的时候也不要高兴, 始终做一个平和的人, 用平和的眼光来看待世界、感觉世界。苏轼一生写了八千首诗词和散文等, 最伟大的作品是在他人生最艰难的12年中写的。
中国著名学者林语堂曾说, 当中国人说到李白的时候, 感觉天上划过一道流星;当中国人说到苏轼的时候, 脸上就会露出会心的微笑。
The way Chinese people express their feelings can beunderstood from ancient poems.As the famous linegoes, “Waterfalls flowing down from three thousand feet above, it is as if the Milky Way were falling down the earth”.The three-thousand-feet waterfalls are exaggeration, not to mention the Milky Way fallen on the ground.Li Bai is the author of this poem, and he is a famous poet in ancient China.
Du Fu’s poem goes as“Climbing to the mountain peaks, people can command the views and all the mountains seem smaller”.This poem means that when people climb to the top of Mount Tai, they can see that other mountains are lower.
Bai Juyi wrote one poem as“Despite fire burning repeatedly, the grass will come to life with spring breezes”.Afire in the grassland burns everything to the ground, but grass fills the land again in spring.More than one thousand years have passed since Bai wrote this poem in 16, and it is still well-known in China.
“Chang’an City was guarded by three Qin districts, and mists could be seen in five ports.We were both officials and shared common feelings, and now you were leaving.If you regarded me as a bosom friend, then we would be close as neighbors while we were faraway in distance.Now that we were parting, there was no need to cry like the young.”The above poem is complete.Wang Bo died young at 24, but he was one of the greatest poets in ancient China.This poem is categorized as the farewell poetry.The poem describes that I was in Chang’an while you were going to Chengdu.We were good friends with a common mind and destiny as intellectuals.Likewise, although the Confucius Institutes in Africa, North America, and South America are far from each other, we are close in mind.
“Reaching the origin of rivers, I sat and appreciated the clouds.Accidentally I ran into an old man, and we had a pleasant conversation and forgot to return home.”Wang Wei was good at landscape poems and lived a casual life.Water ran in the mountains.He followed the river and soon it was gone.Then he sat and watched the clouds rising gradually.It was very serene and enjoyable.On his way home, he met an old man, chatted with him and forgot the time back home.Wang Wei is depicted as a typically sublime intellectual in the history of Chinese poetry.
Su Shi is an outstanding poet, essayist, and politician in the Song dynasty (960-1279) .Besides, he is good at painting, handwriting, and food appreciation.Dongpo Pork, the famous dish, was invented by him.Calming the Waves is one of his famous poems and tells us that life is full of rainy and sunny days.No matter what it is, people should remain calm.They should not be upset when it is rainy while not complacent when sunny.Moreover, people should look at and see the world in a peaceful attitude.Su Shi has written eight thousand poets and essays in his life, among which the greatest literary works have been finished in his 12-year arduous time.
Lin Yutang, a famous Chinese scholar once said that when Chinese people speak of Li Bai, it feels as if a shooting star travels across the sky;but in terms of Su Shi, people will show understanding smiles.